Blue Flower

Magic Mushrooms - The fact is that Psilocybin is closely related to DMT, a tryptamine. It was named after the Psilocybe specimens of mushrooms. For sure that sounds difficult and maybe you haven´t even heard of some of these words. But don´t worry, we explain it in a few easy to understand steps.

The active components within hallucinogenic mushrooms

The most common substance is psilocybin, but all psychedelic mushrooms that produce psilocybin also produce psilocin. A few magic mushrooms have a higher amount of psilocin than psilocybin, which depends on the strain. For example the Psilocybe Cubensis mushroom mainly contains psilocybin and only a very small amount of psilocin. On the other hand, the Copelandia Cyanescens, also known as Hawaiian mushroom, produces much more psilocin and only a small amount of psilocybin. These two substances; psilocybin and psilocin are what we will to look at kucing.

However there are more substances that create specific ‘psychodelic’ effects. Two of these substances are baeocystin and norbaeocystin. A third substance, which is speculated to be a product from psilocybin mushrooms, is 4-AcO-DMT. However, it is unconfirmed that 4-AcO-DMT is produced from natural magic mushrooms. It is so far only available as an artificial chemical product.

Why are these components, especially Psilocybin, psychoactive?

This is one very important question. In order to understand why any drug has its effects, you should be aware that its molecular structure has a main body which is similar to substances normally created by our own body. In this case the substances act on our serotonin system via what are known as 5-HT receptors travel jember surabaya.

The serotonin system is also the main area where LSD and mescaline have their effects on but unlike magic mushrooms they also affect the dopamine system. The active components from magic mushrooms have no effect on dopamine at all. And yes LSD is in the same chemical category, it is also a tryptamine. Mescaline on the other hand is a ß-Phenethylamine and is closer related to amphetamine and ephedrine than to Psilocybin.

That means that it is also possible to reach the same receptor group with drugs from different chemical groups. But most of the tryptamine based drugs affect the serotonin system, the ß-Phenethylamines mainly affects dopamine and adrenaline and only a few of them serotonine. Most known examples for these two groups are: tryptamines – LSD, DMT (Ayahuasca), Psilocybin; ß-Phenethylamines – Mescaline, MDMA, Amphetamine, Ephedrine, 2C-B.

Most of you will know most of these substances and do now understand the main difference in Effects.

The pharmacological facts of Psilocybin

At the end it doesn´t seem to matter what you take, all substances are most likely to be transformed to Psilocin within the human body. Psilocybin and Psilocin were detected by Albert Hofmann (the inventor of LSD). Since Psilocybin was the substance that occurred in much larger amounts within the psychedelic mushrooms, it was first expected to be the main active component.

Psilocin is also known as 4-HO-DMT, so here you see already how far it is related to our own bodily produced chemicals. Of DMT (Ayahuasca, Yopo) it could be said it is only a drug when the body levels of DMT exceed the normal amount. Because Psilocin is so closely related, it can perfectly make use of the way DMT takes in our body.

The other substances mentioned above, baeocystin, norbaeocystin and 4-AcO-DMT, are also transformed to Psilocin and then become psychoactive. For the baeocystin that still has to be finally confirmed, as research on this substance is very limited. But all routes lead back to Psilocin, known as 4-HO-DMT. Baeocystin seems to take two steps to Psilocin, first it is converted to Psilocybin and that is finally changed into Psilocin.

Self-administered tests from scientists had proven this, reports state that 10 mg of baeocystin had the same effects as 10 mg of Psilocybin.

But why do magic mushrooms then have different effects?

There are many things that affect the effects from hallucinogenic mushrooms. Most important is the Set and Setting. The set is the area where you take the psilocybin mushrooms, at home, with friends, at a party, with strangers and so on. The setting is your own current state, do you feel happy, sad, angry, tired and so on.

Another important aspect is the way in which you administer the magic mushrooms and if your stomach is empty or full. When you take the mushrooms on an empty stomach your body can quickly digest them and the active components are rapidly absorbed. That means the effects start quickly and the peak is reached fast. When your stomach is full, the digestion of the magic mushrooms is much slower, thus the active components are absorbed much slower. In that case it takes more time until the effects begin and it takes longer until the peak is reached.

The routes of administration can also decide how fast the active components are absorbed and transported. If you chew the magic mushrooms for a long time, a lot of psilocybin can be absorbed by the mucosa in your mouth. This speeds up the onset and the time to reach the peak. When you just chew them a few times, so that you can swallow them as quickly as possible, your stomach has to do all the work and the psilocybin is absorbed in your intestine.

Another way to make the psilocybin quickly available in your body is to make a tea or shred the magic mushrooms in a mixer before taking them. But these methods sometimes create unwanted side effects, especially nausea and vomiting.

But also the amount of active components in your magic mushrooms has influence on the effects. When you are taking strong magic mushrooms the effects also start earlier and the coming up feels more intense that directly influences your setting and can create different effects.

Last but not least, the relation between the active components in magic mushrooms cabe rawit and the main substance also influences the onset, coming up, peak and total duration. Since you know about set and setting, you know why that can change the experience you have. Copelandia Cyanescens is so far one of the strongest magic mushrooms available today, but it also contains Psilocin as main substance. Your body doesn´t have to transform it before it is active, if that is combined with long chewing and an empty stomach, it is likely that the effects start within 15 minutes after consumption. The peak is than reached within 45 minutes, that´s the time before some other magic mushrooms become active at all.

If Psilocybin is the main substance in magic mushrooms, then there is no way around the transformation to Psilocin before the trip begins. So even if you take magic mushrooms of the same strength as Copelandia Cyanescens, they will not start to work as quickly as them.

For 4-AcO-DMT the next step is also Psilocin and it will work similar like Psilocybin in onset, coming up, peak and total duration. With baeocystin the data is limited and so it can not be said how it compares in these matters with the other substances.

One more thing; it is also not the same when taking pure substances, no matter if extracted from natural mushrooms or produced the chemical way. A pure substance is absorbed rapidly, as there is nothing else that needs to be digested. So do not directly take the same amount of the chemical that would be in your average dosage of magic mushrooms. The quick onset and coming up then is sometimes overwhelmingly strong!

I get nausea when using magic mushrooms, is psilocybin producing this?

Some people get sick through the effects, but Psilocybin and the others do not produce nausea and vomiting through themselves. The people who get nauseous also often get that when taking other psychedelics like LSD or Mescaline bokeh.

But in most cases this comes from the use of dried magic mushrooms. Dried mushrooms are rather hard for your body to digest and can so cause some trouble in your body. Ranging from nausea and vomiting to diarrhea. The worst case would be that you have everything at the same time, but luckily that only happens to very few people.

Side effects like this can be avoided through chewing your magic mushrooms for a while until they are nearly dissolved. Also do not chew all the magic mushrooms at once when you receive such problems, spread your dosage over 15 minutes. Pure substances (the components themselves of the magic mushrooms in pure chemical form) do not produce any of these side effects, as they are no problem for your digesting system.

To grow your own hallucinogenic mushrooms you should make a decision which way of growing you prefer. But we start here with general growing techniques, which you can use to get started and to get a feeling for psilocybin mushrooms. First we explain you the most important rules when growing hallucinogenic mushrooms. After that, you could use our checklist to organize everything you need, prepare your workspace and all that kind of stuff. Than we go through step by step.

The essential rules of growing magic mushrooms

- The very first and most important rule is: Keep everything clean, always! Work sterile, so that no mold can contaminate your magic mushroom grow environment.
- Better wash and clean your utilities twice.
- Always make the air on your workspace as sterile as possible with your Bunsen burner flame.
- Never open something in any state of the growing process when it is dusty, for example you cleaned some old books and some dust is still flying in the air. Better wait for the next day.
- Never use contaminated mushrooms; they require an environment that is also the favorite from unwanted mushrooms and also a lot of bacteria. Very often these are poisonous and can lead to serious adverse health effects.
- If something was contaminated, do not worry; that can happen from time to time, just throw your magic mushrooms away. It doesn´t cost much money, the psychedelic mushrooms re-grow very fast and the time you invested is quite minimal.

The required equipment for growing magic mushrooms

For first time growers or beginners in general, you should pick a strain of magic mushrooms that is easy to grow. Do not just start with a Copelandia Cyanescens or similar right away, they are the strongest hallucinogenic mushrooms, but are way more difficult to grow. A good strain for beginners is Psilocybe Cubensis, it has a lot of variations, but all are rated as easy to grow.

- One spore print or syringe from your favorite Psilocybe Cubensis mushroom.
- Petri dishes with already prepared agar-agar in it, regular sold in packs with 5 or 10. So one pack is enough.
- One Bunsen burner with gas bottle.
- One large and wide needle, a knitting needle will do well.
- 3 or 4 big preserving jars.
- Several kg rice flour, best you get a big pack with 10 kg or more, so you got a stock.
- Several liters Vermiculite, also more is better to have a stock.
- A cooking pot, best suited is a pressure cooker. It must be completely sealed and the hot steam will reach every corner to make your tools sterile.
- 2 or 3 boxes where your magic mushrooms will grow. So a large styrofoam box could be used, or you build one with a few planks, only important is that it can be opened and closed. Now cover all inner parts of the box with an airtight foil. The foil is required to secure your box from water and humidity, but it also keeps the humidity inside for your hallucinogenic mushrooms.
- One very sharp knife, best suited is a scalpel.
- Organic rye
- Not required but useful are sterile one-way gloves, surgical masks and when you got long hair, also some surgical head coverage.

When you got everything ready, you can start with our step by step psilocybin mushroom guide.

Growing hallucinogenic mushrooms – Step by Step guide

Step 1:
Prepare your grow room and take a room that is not dusty or where you already got problems with mold.

Step 2:
Set up the Bunsen burner and ensure a stable standing, in no event it should be able to fall on its side!

Step 3:
Get the needle, magic mushrooms spore print and Petri dishes. But keep the lids on the petri dishes for now. They only should be opened if necessary and closed as soon as possible again.

Step 4:
Put the magic mushroom spore print ready on your table. Now hold the front of your needle into the flame of the Bunsen burner. Keep it in there until it starts to get a bit red. Now let it cool down again. Now hold it into the flame again, but 3 to 5 seconds will be enough. Wait a few seconds again that it has not much more than room temperature and press it into the spore print, now open the Petri dishes and put the needle tip into the agar-agar and close the Petri dish again. All of that has to be done real quick, the Petri dish shouldn’t be longer opened than 3 seconds and it could be good to not take off the lid completely, just lift it and move it a bit, so that there is just a space of 1 or 2 cm that is exposed directly to the air.

Step 5:
Do this with 3 Petri dishes and place them in a dark room with average temperature. Direct sunlight could be bad because it could heat up the Petri dishes badly. Humidity won´t be a problem, as the Petri dish is a nice small growing chamber. Within 4 to 10 days you will see how the magic mushroom started to colonize through the agar-agar.

Step 6:
When the magic mushroom spores already colonized over the whole Petri dish, they are ready for the next step.

Step 7:
Prepare a mix of 1 part Vermiculite and 1 part rice flour and 3 parts organic rye. Spread your mix in amounts that perfectly fit into the jars. Even if you make it sterile after this step, try to avoid unnecessary dust, dirt or bad environment like rooms with mold. Before closing the lid, add 2 small coffee cups of water into each jar.

Step 8:
Put the preserving jars into the pressure cooker, seal it and put it on low heat. Since the preserving jars are made of glass, they could break when heated up and cooled down too fast. When the pressure cooker is on full heat, let it there for 60 minutes. The steam isn´t as hot as your Bunsen burner, so it requires some more time to make things sterile.

Step 9:
After the jars are sterile, let them cool down to room temperature, but never open the lid of the jars, otherwise you would risk a contamination.

Step 10:
Take the scalpel and your Petri dishes, which are now colonized with your hallucinogenic mushrooms. Sterilize the scalpel over the Bunsen burner, let it cool down, now open the lid of the Petri dishes and cut the colonized agar-agar into squares, so that you got around 5 to 10 of small colonized pieces.

Step 11:
Put on sterile gloves now and maybe use long forceps that are also sterile. Get the jars, open the lid and push some colonized agar-agar pieces into them and close them again. Do this step like you did when putting the hallucinogenic mushrooms spores in the Petri dishes.

Step 12:
Keep the jars in a place like you did with the Petri dishes, within a few days you will see how the colonization of the magic mushrooms dig through your feeding media. Here it is not very important when going to the next step, just let it colonize until half of the jar is filled.

Step 13:
Prepare the same grow media mix you put in the jars, also add the same amount of water and put it in the pressure cooker. 15 minutes after full heat is reached, you can take it out and spread it on the ground of your grow boxes. The psychedelic mushrooms are still vulnerable to contamination, but not so fragile anymore.

Step 14:
Take out the colonized material from one jar and mix it under the media prepared in the grow box. Do this quickly and don´t keep the box longer opened than necessary.

Step 15:
Keep the box at 24 °C when using the type Psilocybe Cubensis as your magic mushrooms to grow; check every day if the box has a high humidity and that the media is always soaked with water. If you see the humidity does not fit, spray them with distilled water. Normal water from the bathroom contains unwanted guest already, depending on the quality of water in your area, which could even ruin a fully colonized box.

Step 16:
Within a few days the magic mushrooms colonize the media in the whole box and than they start to form the parts of the mushrooms you love them for. When around half of the flush has reached a size where the hat is about to open, harvest them.

Step 17:
Take the magic mushrooms just above the ground and twist them gently, so that they come out almost from themselves and you shouldn´t pull with violence. When done, spray the box with water again until the media is wet again. The next flush will come within 2 days and is ready to harvest within 1 week. Repeat this to a maximum of 4 flushes. Even if there are more, they are not worth the time, just set up the grow box freshly prepared.

Here you go, your own hallucinogenic mushrooms within just a few weeks! And when you got 2 or 3 boxes, you should be able to harvest around 1 kg fresh psilocybin mushrooms per week. Remember that 1 kg of fresh hallucinogenic mushrooms is 100 grams in weight when dried.